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Maths Year 2

By the end of Year 2 most children should be able to:

Number and Place Value

  • count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward or backward
  • recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones: 27 is 20 + 7)
  • identify, represent and estimate numbers in different ways , including the number line
  • compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
  • read and write numbers to at least 100 in numbers and words
  • use place value and number facts to solve problems

Addition and Subtraction

  • solve problems with addition and subtraction
  • use objects and pictures, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
  • applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
  • recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, (20 + 0 = 20, 19 + 1 = 20, 18 + 2 = 20 etc) and derive and use related facts up to 100

Add and subtract numbers using objects, pictures and mentally, including:

  • a two-digit number and ones (23 + 5=/ 42 – 4 =)
  • a two-digit number and tens (26 + 30/ 64 – 20 =)
  • two two-digit numbers (31 + 46 =/52 – 21 =)
  • adding three one-digit numbers (9 + 6 + 4 =)
  • show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order and subtraction of one number from another cannot
  • recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and missing number problems

Multiplication and Division

  • remember and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
  • write a number sentence for multiplication and division using the correct multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs
  • show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order, and division of one number by another cannot
  • solve problems involving multiplication and division, using arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in context


  • recognise, find, name and write the correct fractions: 1/3 , 1⁄4 , 2/4 and 3⁄4 of a length, a shape, a set of objects or a quantity
  • write simple fractions for example, 1⁄2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1⁄2


  • choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
  • compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =
  • recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value
  • find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money
  • solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change
  • compare and sequence intervals of time
  • tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
  • know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day

Properties of Shapes

  • identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
  • identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
  • identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]
  • compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

Position and Direction

  • order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences
  • use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).


  • interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables
  • ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity
  • ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.