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Maths Year 1

By the end of Year 1 most children should be able to:

Number and Place Value

  • count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  • count, read and write numbers to 100
  • count in multiples of twos, fives and tens
  • given a number, identify one more and one less
  • identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
  • read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words

Addition and Subtraction

  • read, write and answer questions involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
  • use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
  • add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20
  • solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictures
  • solve missing number problems such as 7 = ? – 9.

Multiplication and Division

  • solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects and pictures

MEASUREMENT - compare, describe and solve practical problems for:

  • lengths and heights (e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half)
  • mass or weight (e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than)
  • capacity/volume (full/empty, more than, less than, quarter)
  • time (quicker, slower, earlier, later) measure and begin to record the following:
  • lengths and heights
  • mass/weight
  • capacity and volume
  • time (hours, minutes, seconds)
  • recognise and know the value of different coins and notes
  • sequence events in chronological order using language such as: before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening
  • recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
  • tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

Properties of Shapes - recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:

  • 2-D shapes (e.g. rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles)
  • 3-D shapes (e.g. cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres).

Position and Direction

  • describe position, directions and movements, including half, quarter and three-quarter turns


  • recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
  • recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity